Appearance: The Bergamasco Shepherd is a dog of medium size of rustic appearance with an abundant coat covering all parts of the body, of a powerful construction but very well proportioned.
Its general shape is that of a medium proportioned dog, whose body fits into a square.
Temperament: Strong, sound and brave, the Bergamasco is above all very intelligent and balanced.
Characteristics: The function of the Bergamasco Shepherd is to guide and guard the herd, the task for which he shows exemplary disposition thanks to his vigilance, his concentration and psychological balance.
His learning faculty and determination combined with moderation and patience makes him an excellent guard and companion dog, suited to the most diverse uses. He establishes a close relationship with man.
Colour: Solid grey or with patches of all possible shades from a delicate grey to a brighter shade of grey on to black; Isabella and light fawn shades are permitted. An all black coat is allowed providing the black is really opaque (zain). An all white coat is not allowed. White patches are tolerated as long as their surface is not more than a fifth of the total surface of the coat.
Coat: Very abundant, very long and different depending on the regions.
The texture is harsh, (goat hair) particularly on the front of the body.
From halfway of the chest towards the rear, and on all limbs, the coat tends to form strands or loose mats, or is already in strands or loose matts, depending on the subject’s age; these strands or loose mats are not cords and must start from the topline of the back and fall on the sides of the body.
On the head the hair is less harsh and covers the eyes.
On the limbs, the coat must be evenly distributed everywhere in the shape of soft flocks falling towards the ground; forming a kind of vertical column of hair on the front and strands on the hindquarters, without fringes.
The undercoat is so short and dense, it is not easy to see the skin. Must be greasy to the touch.